There are numerous factors that can put kids "at-risk" to academic failure in their early years. The National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP) has just put out a report discussing Chronic Early Absence. It is when children in their early childhood years miss excessive amounts of their school, which effects their academic and social development. The NCCP considers the it "chronic" when they miss 10% or more of the school year, both excused and unexcused (truancy) absences. Above is a pyramid chart describing solutions to diminishing this problem (courtesy of the NCCP website).